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Sunday, 18 November 2012

Psilocybe subcubensis

Cap:(10-) 18-50 (-70) mm in diam., conic to convex, becoming campanulate to gradually expanding to plain. Color Copper in center to a light golden brown. Hygrophanous in drying, remnants of a veil, and bluing in the edge of the cap when injured. Gills:Adnate ot adnexed to seceding. At first dark gray becoming deep violet gray to dark purplish brown. Sometimes mottled with whitish edges. Stem:(30-) 50-80 (-100) x (3-)4-6(-10)mm, equal, hollow, stem whitish to a creamy white or yellow brown when faded, easily staining blue where damaged. Fibrillose below the annulus. Spores:(9.9-) 11-13 (-14) x 7.7-8.8 x 6.6-7.1 microns. Sporeprint: Chocolate to purple-brown. Habitat:Gregarious, rarely solitary or scattered, on cow dung, rarely on horse manure. Also in rich soil in pastures and meadows, along roadsides in manure heaps. Distribution:It is a pantropical and subtropical species. Mexico, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Honduras, El Salvador, Venezuela, Australia and Thailand. Season:Fruiting in summer but also in other seasons (as most finicolous fungi. Dosage:Same as for Psilocybe cubensis Comment:This species is macroscopically similar to Psilocybe cubensis witht he difference being in the size of the spores. The P. subcubensis has a smaller spore than P. cubensis